Below, you’ll find practical advice on ways you can help keep yourself and your loved ones safe.

Remember: always call 999 in an emergency.

Smoke Alarms

test your smoke alarm iconSmoke alarms are always a vital part of fire safety in the home. It’s very important that you have working smoke alarms/detectors.

The alarms should be fitted correctly, well maintained, and in full working order.

Remember to clean your smoke detectors regularly using a vacuum cleaner attachment to make sure it works properly.

Smoke Alarms and Smoke Detectors

You can visit our home fire safety page [opens in a new tab], or call us on 0800 169 1125 to use our home fire safety check service.

Our experts will provide personalised fire safety advice. For those who are higher risk, we might also arrange a home visit.


Clean cooker iconCooking is one of the most common causes of accidental dwelling fires. Each year, our firefighters respond to kitchen fires started when people are preparing and cooking food.

Most cooking fires happen when someone gets distracted while cooking food. Lots of things are distracting; it might be things like a phone call, a delivery at the door, the kids needing attention, or the family pet misbehaving.

Whatever it is, if something distracting happens while you’re cooking, turn the hob or grill off completely. Never leave food cooking unattended, even for a short amount of time.


Stay Safe

Here are our top tips for staying safe while cooking:

  • Keep your tea towels away from the hob.
  • Clean your appliances regularly.
  • Do not use your grill or hob area for storage.
  • Throw away your old chip pan – it’s simply not safe.
  • Use a thermostatically controlled deep fat fryer instead of a traditional chip pan.

Your Household Escape Plan

Plan a safe escape - be prepared iconIt might sound dramatic, but it’s very important to plan how you would escape your home in the event of a fire.

It’s a great idea to make a plan and take the time to ensure everyone in the house knows what to do.

Your plan should include what route you would take out of the building in certain emergencies. That might include which window or door you would escape out of, and where you would all meet outside.

Having a plan like this can mean the difference between life and death.

Practice Makes Perfect

Make sure you practice your home hold escape plan before you need it.

Why not stage a pretend emergency, so everyone knows what to do if it happens for real?

Bedtime Routines

flooding - move household items up iconMost fires that result in deaths happen at night. A simple bedtime routine is a great way to improve your home fire safety.

Each night before you go to bed, get into the habit of checking the major causes of fire in the home.

You probably already have a routine where you check things like the front door being locked, the house alarm being set, windows closed etc.

Adding in a few extra steps takes only moments but can save your life. This includes things like extinguishing all candles thoroughly.

What to Check?

Each night before bed, you should:

  1. Turn off all unnecessary appliances.
  2. Extinguish all candles thoroughly.
  3. Turn off all heaters and place fireguards.
  4. Place door and window keys where everyone can find them.
  5. Close all internal doors to prevent fire spread.
  6. Make sure all exits are clear.


Extinguish cigarettes properlySmoking is another common cause of fire in the home. By taking a few precautions, you can make it much less likely you’ll have a house fire due to smoking.

If you smoke, please use a proper ashtray for your ashes and cigarette butts. Avoid using a wastepaper basket or any other container with flammable contents.

Never smoke in bed, especially if you have limited mobility. Many fire deaths happen when people smoke in bed.

Take extra time to make sure your cigarettes are properly extinguished. Do not leave ashes smouldering.

Smoke Outside Instead

A great tip for staying safe is to always smoke outside. If you make a rule to never smoke in the house, your hot ashes are much less likely to cause a fire.

You can improve your safety further by putting all ashes and cigarette butts in a fireproof container, such as a stoneware plant pot.

Road Safety

road safety iconDriving a vehicle is one of the most dangerous things you can do. Treat every journey with respect. Don’t assume that an accident won’t happen to you.

Your safety, and the safety of others, rely on your actions behind the wheel.

It’s very important that you make yourself visible and drive to road conditions. That means using your dipped headlights, driving to road conditions, and leaving an adequate space between you and the next vehicle.

Driving to road conditions might mean it’s not safe to drive at the full speed limit. Slow down in poor weather or if there is reduced visibility.

Drive Safely

  • Drink/drugs – never drive if you are under the influence. It impairs your decision making and reactions.
  • Seat belt – always wear a seatbelt and make sure all passengers also wear theirs.
  • Mobile phone – never use your mobile when driving. They are a major distraction.
  • Speed – speeding is one of the biggest killers on British roads. Do not go over the speed limit.

Be a Nosey Neighbour

Sometimes, it’s good to be nosey! If you have vulnerable neighbours, why not check in with them to make sure they are OK?

Ask elderly or otherwise vulnerable people if they have smoke alarms, and what they would do if they had an emergency.

It’s not only about fire safety – checking in with people during these hard times can make a big difference.

Remember: taking the time to help those who are more vulnerable is the right thing to do and can save their lives.

Additional Help Available

You can find additional support on the LFRS website or the government’s Fire Kills website [both links open in a new tab].

If you do not have access to a computer or don’t know what to do, ask a neighbour or friend to help you. Alternatively, visit your local library where computers and booklets are available.

Don't let your world go up in smoke

Call 999 in an Emergency

Our firefighters and support staff will always be here if you need help.

Remember: always call 999 in an emergency.