National Hoarding Awareness Week: The Risks of Hoarding and Fire Safety Tips

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National Hoarding Awareness Week: The Risks of Hoarding and Fire Safety Tips

National Hoarding Awareness Week is an annual campaign that raises awareness about the serious impact of hoarding on individuals, families, and communities. This year, it takes place from 16th May to 22nd May. Hoarding disorder is a complex psychological condition that affects approximately 5% of the UK population. It is characterised by an excessive accumulation of items, even if they have little or no value, and an inability to discard them.


Why do people hoard?

Hoarding disorder is a challenging condition to understand because the reasons for hoarding can vary from person to person. Some of the most common factors that contribute to hoarding behaviour include:

  • Emotional attachment: Some people attach sentimental value to objects, and they find it challenging to discard them because it feels like they are losing a part of themselves.
  • Perceived need: Individuals who hoard often feel that they might need the items in the future, and they fear that discarding them would lead to regret.
  • Compulsive behaviour: Some people have an overwhelming urge to collect and keep things, even if they do not have any practical use.
  • Mental health conditions: People with mental health conditions such as anxiety, depression, or obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) may be more likely to develop hoarding disorder.


Why is hoarding a fire risk?

Hoarding disorder is not only a health risk but also a significant fire risk. Piles of clutter and excess possessions can create a hazardous environment that can quickly become an inferno. The accumulation of combustible materials, such as paper and cardboard, can feed a fire that can spreads rapidly. Blocked exits can also make it challenging for people to escape in case of an emergency, further increasing the risk of injury or death.

The combination of combustible materials and a lack of escape routes can quickly lead to a devastating fire. In addition, hoarded items can obstruct access to critical areas such as electrical outlets, heating equipment, and water sources, increasing the risk.


How can we prevent hoarding-related fires?

Preventing hoarding-related fires requires a collaborative effort from individuals, families, and communities. Here are some steps that can help reduce the risk of fire:

  • Recognise the signs: If you suspect someone you know is hoarding, look out for signs such as cluttered living spaces, blocked exits, and disorganization.
  • Seek professional help: Hoarding disorder is a mental health condition that requires professional help. Encourage the person to seek help from a qualified mental health professional.
  • Declutter regularly: Regular decluttering can help prevent the accumulation of excess items, reducing the risk of a fire.
  • Educate yourself: Learn more about hoarding disorder and the fire risks associated with it. The more you know, the better equipped you will be to prevent fires.


Hoarding disorder is a complex condition that requires a compassionate and understanding approach. National Hoarding Awareness Week is an excellent opportunity to learn more about hoarding disorder and the risks associated with it. By raising awareness and taking proactive steps, we can help prevent hoarding-related fires and ensure the safety of ourselves and our communities.


If you or someone you know is struggling with hoarding disorder, seek help from a qualified mental health professional. Resources such as the NHS website and Mind can provide more information and support. LFRS also provide Home Fire Safety Checks for high risk people.